Transport

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Transport proteins move in both actively and passively to move molecules across the membrane.

  • uhpT uhpT is a hexose phosphate transport protein that is used in carbohydrate transport, glucose-6-phosphate transport, and is an integral component of membrane.
  • ktrAB: ktrAB encodes for two proteins, kara and ktrB, that together form the potassium transmembrane transport system is certain bacteria. This role is carried out by the Trk system in E.coli, and differs in other organisms. Ion transporters are key components of osmotic regulation, pH homeostasis and resistance to drought and high salinity. (JCVISyn3.0: MMSYN1_0685, E. Coli: EG11019)
  • rbsA: rbsA encodes proteins which lead to ABC transportation and ATP Binding activity (which interacts selectively and non-covalently with ATP, adenosine 5'-triphosphate, a universally important coenzyme and enzyme regulator). (E.Coli: xylG)
  • ktrA: ktra encodes a protein which does cation transmembrane transporter activity, enabling the transfer of cation from one side of the membrane to the other. (E.Coli: yfbS)
  • mtgA: mtgA encodes a magnesium transporting ATPase: an enzyme that transports Mg2+ ions across the cell membrane into the cytosol by using the energy from ATP hydrolysis. (JCVISyn3.0: MMSYN1 0787, E. Coli EG12525)
  • atpA JCVI, atpA E.coli: atpA encodes the alpha subunit of ATP synthase F1 which converts ADP + P into ATP using a proton gradient across the cell membrane.
  • atpB JCVI Encodes for ATP synthase subunit A, which transports protons across the membrane in order to create the electrochemical gradient that powers ATP synthesis in oxidative phosphorylation (JCVI).
  • potA Assists in ATP uptake activity and possibly spermidine and putrecine transport
  • atpB E. Coli Encodes for ATP synthase subunit A, which transports protons across the membrane in order to create the electrochemical gradient that powers ATP synthesis in oxidative phosphorylation (E. Coli).
  • atpC JCVI, atpC E. coli: atpC encodes the epsilon chain of ATP synthase F1 which converts ADP + P into ATP using a proton gradient across the cell membrane.
  • atpD JCVI, atpD E. coli: atpD encodes the beta subunit of ATP synthase F1 which converts ADP + P into ATP using a proton gradient across the cell membrane.
  • atpE and aptE E. coli: atpE codes for the C subunit of ATP Synthase, an integral component of the cells metabolic system.
  • atpF: atpF encodes the b subunit of the F0 complex of ATP synthase (an important enzyme that creates the energy storage molecule); the b subunit is structurally essential, as it links together the F1 and F0 complexes. [JCVISyn3.0: MMSYN1_0794, E.Coli: EG10103)
  • atpG : atpG encodes a subunit of ATP synthase, an enzyme which transfers protons across the inner mitochondrial membrane and uses this energetically favorable process to generate ATP. (JCVISyn3.0: MMSYN1 0791, E. Coli: EG10104)
  • atpH: atpH encodes the delta subunit of the F1 complex of ATP synthase (an important enzyme that creates the energy storage molecule); the delta subunit is structurally essential, as it links the complexes together via the F1 complex a subunit. [JCVISyn3.0: MMSYN1_0793, E.Coli: EG10105)
  • ybbP E.coli: ybbP is a subunit of an ATP-binding cassette transporter which is a transmembrane protein that use ATP to move substances across cell membranes. Its JCVI homolog, MMSYN1 0531, is involved with Efflux.
  • phnE JCVI phnE encodes the permease component of a phosphonate ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter in JCVI.
  • phnE E. coli phnE encodes the permease component of a phosphonate ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter in E. coli.
  • msbA JCVI msbA encodes the ATP-binding component of a lipid A ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter in JCVI.
  • msbA E. coli msbA encodes the permease and ATP-binding component of a lipid A ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter in E. coli.
  • frlA JCVI: frlA encodes the putative fructoselysine transporter protein. It is beleived that it therefore lets fructoselysine diffuse into the cell.
  • frlA E. coli: frlA encodes the putative fructoselysine transporter protein. It is beleived that it therefore lets fructoselysine diffuse into the cell.
  • oppC JCVI and oppC E. coli: oppC encodes the oligopeptide transport system permease protein. This is the protein involved in translocating oligopeptides across the surface of the cell.
  • rnsC: Member of a protein family called "ATP-binding cassette transporters" (ABC Transporters) involved in amino acid transport and metabolism as well as carbohydrate transport and metabolism
  • yphD: Member of a protein family called "ATP-binding cassette transporters" (ABC Transporters) involved in amino acid transport and metabolism as well as carbohydrate transport and metabolism
  • yidC JCVI Required for the insertion and/or proper folding and/or complex formation of integral membrane proteins into the membrane. Involved in integration of membrane proteins that insert both dependently and independently of the Sec translocase complex, as well as at least some lipoproteins. Aids folding of multispanning membrane proteins.
  • yidC E.coli Required for the insertion and/or proper folding and/or complex formation of integral membrane proteins into the membrane. Involved in integration of membrane proteins that insert both dependently and independently of the Sec translocase complex, as well as at least some lipoproteins. Aids folding of multispanning membrane proteins.
  • scpA E.coli catalyzes the reversible, stereospecific interconversion of methylmalonyl-CoA to succinyl-CoA.
  • TrbI TrbI is a is a transmembrane protein that helps to shrink F-pili on the outside of the cell membrane.
  • potB: potB is required for the activity of the bacterial periplasmic transport system of putrescine and spermidine[JCVISyn3.0: [MMSYN1_0196], E.Coli: EG10750)
  • ecfS is an uncharacterized protein likely relating to transmembrane transportation.
  • ecfA Acts as one of the several ATP-binding components for a common energy-coupling factor (ECF) ABC transporter complex
  • ssuB Acts as ATP-binding component of an aliphatic sulfonate ABC transporter. Works in conjunction with ssuA (the periplasmic binding protein) and ssuC (membrane subunit) to create the aforementioned ABC transporter. These components are a part of an uptake system for a wide variety of aliphatic sulfonates.
  • pncB Uses ATP to catalyze the synthesis beta-nicotinate D-ribonucleotide from nicotinate and 5-phospho-D-ribose 1-phosphate. Involved in the first step of this process. (JCVISyn3.0: MMSYN1_0614, E. Coli: EG10742)
  • ABC transport: This protein is an unknown gene that broadly relates to the transportation of substrates across the cell membrane.
  • phnC: phnC encodes for the ATP-binding component involved in the phosophonate ABC transporter
  • phnC: phnC encodes for the ATP-binding component involved in the phosophonate ABC transporter in E. coli
  • rnsD: rnsD encodes for a premease component of the ribose ABC transporter
  • araH: araH encodes part of a sugar ABC transporter protein
  • frlA: Unknown but thought to be involved in fructoselysine APC transport
  • potA: Involved in ATP binding for the transport system
  • ecfA1: an ATP-binding (A) component of a common energy-coupling factor (ECF) ABC-transporter complex
  • artP produces arginine transport ATP-binding protein ArtP
  • secA aids in sending preproteins across the membrane. It aids in protein export.
  • secA is an ATPase that aids in protein export.
  • secG is a component of the integral membrane that send signals to aid in protein export.
  • secG is a component of the integral translocase membrane that sends signal sequences, aiding in protein export.
  • RDD family protein This family contains "three highly conserved amino acids: one arginine and two aspartates", with an unknown molecular function
  • asp23 is an unknown protein implicated in dealing with alkaline pH shock.
  • pspA is a bifunctional protein, protecting membrane integrity under various stress conditions and regulating PspF transcription factor activity.
  • PstA is a protein component in the membrane for phosphate ion transmembrane transport.
  • PstA is one of two inner membrane subunits of an ATP-dependent high affinity phosphate uptake system.
  • PstB is part of the ABC transporter complex PstSACB involved in phosphate import responsible for energy coupling to the transport system.
  • PstB is the ATP-binding subunit of a high affinity phosphate specific uptake system that interacts to form a phosphate-sensing complex at the cell membrane.
  • uncharacterized protein is an uncharacterized protein of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. capri PG3 that is a component of the cell membrane.